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Aluminium is most commonly alloyed with copper, zinc, magnesium, silicon, manganese and lithium. Small additions of chromium, titanium, zirconium, lead, bismuth and nickel are also made and iron is invariably present in small quantities. There are over 300 wrought alloys with 50 in common use. They are normally identified by a four figure system which originated in the USA and is now universally accepted. Below describes the system for wrought alloys. Cast alloys have similar designations and use a five digit system.
The International Alloy Designation System is the most widely accepted naming scheme for wrought alloys. Each alloy is given a four-digit number, where the first digit indicates the major alloying elements, the second — if different from 0 — indicates a variation of the alloy, and the third and fourth digits identify the specific alloy in the series. For example, in alloy 3105, the number 3 indicates the alloy is in the manganese series, 1 indicates the first modification of alloy 3005, and finally 05 identifies it in the 3000 series.
1000 series are essentially pure aluminium with a minimum 99% aluminium content by weight and can be work hardened.
2000 series are alloyed with copper, can be precipitation hardened to strengths comparable to steel. Formerly referred to as duralumin, they were once the most common aerospace alloys, but were susceptible to stress corrosion cracking and are increasingly replaced by 7000 series in new designs.
3000 series are alloyed with manganese, and can be work hardened.
4000 series are alloyed with silicon. Variations of aluminium-silicon alloys intended for casting (and therefore not included in 4000 series) are also known as silumin.
5000 series are alloyed with magnesium, and offer superb corrosion resistance, making them suitable for marine applications. Also, 5083 alloy has the highest strength of not heat-treated alloys. Most 5000 series alloys include manganese as well.
6000 series are alloyed with magnesium and silicon. They are easy to machine, are weldable, and can be precipitation hardened, but not to the high strengths that 2000 and 7000 can reach. 6061 alloy is one of the most commonly used general-purpose aluminium alloys.
7000 series are alloyed with zinc, and can be precipitation hardened to the highest strengths of any aluminium alloy (ultimate tensile strength up to 700 MPa for the 7068 alloy). Most 7000 series alloys include magnesium and copper as well.
8000 series are alloyed with other elements which are not covered by other series. Aluminium-lithium alloys are an example
Available grades (depending on your requirement:
Various diameters available from stock – quantities from as little as 50 grams. Tell us what you need and we will endeavour to achieve.
Or we can manufacture your exact requirement in alloys stated below.
E-Al 99.7 pure aluminium
EN 573-3 – Aluminium and Aluminium alloys. Chemical composition and forged products. Part 3: Chemical composition.
EN 602 – Aluminium and Aluminium alloys. Forged products. Chemical composition of semi-products used for materials and elements for the alimentary industry.
EN 1301-1 – Aluminium and Aluminium alloys. Drawn-wire. Part 1: Technical conditions of inspections and supply.
EN 1301-2 – Aluminium and Aluminium alloys. Drawn-wire. Part 2: Mechanical characteristics.
EN 1301-3 – Aluminium and Aluminium alloys. Drawn-wire. Part 3: Dimensions and tolerances.
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